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Background
Taiwan's Development of PORT STATE CONTROL
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PORT STATE CONTROL (hereinafter referred to as PSC) is the inspection of foreign vessels in national ports to verify that the condition of ships and equipment comply with the requirements of international conventions and that ships are manned and operated in compliance with applicable international laws. The primary responsibility for ensuring that a ship maintains a standard at least equivalent to that specified in international conventions rests with the flag State, and, if all flag States performed their duties satisfactorily, there would be no need for Port State Control. Unfortunately, this is not the case, as evidenced by the many marine accidents around the world - hence the need for additional controls.

National law is the authority by which PSC is implemented and administered. A port State need not be a signatory of such conventions in order to exercise PSC. Although not an International Maritime Organization (hereinafter referred to as IMO) member state, Taiwan is, nevertheless, committed to compliance with IMO resolution 787(19). Therefore, the Canadian Trade Office in TAIPEI(hereinafter referred to as CTOT) was contracted to assist the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (hereinafter referred to as MOTC) to develop a PSC system for Taiwan.

CTOT together with the Canadian Coast Guard, submitted their proposal to the MOTC in September 1998. The MOTC, with a mandate to implement a PSC system covering all domestic ports open to foreign shipping, joined with Transport Canada (hereinafter referred to as TC), Canada¡¦s federal-level transportation authority, and CTOT to determine the most effective way to implement such a system in Taiwan. The cooperative project was defined to cover ship safety, pollution prevention, and shipboard living and working conditions.

With agreement being introduced from January 2001 onward, Taiwan has already had operative PSC procedures in place for 7 years. Immediate results have been realized in enhanced ship safety, reduced pollution, and improved shipboard living and working conditions.